Here I am, sitting in front of the computer monitor, two books placed in front of my keyboard, the A/C cranked to Arctic, and a cup of â€œCelestial Seasoningsâ€? herb tea, the non-caffeine type of course and my binder full of lecture notes. Tomorrow, I have the mid-term for one of my Criminology classes, worth :wall:30% of the course: why is this special so:hand:? Because I must have at least A- to show for this course:think: or I may not make the threshold :hithead:for automatic entrance into the 3rd and 4th year program.
The particular perspective in this course is on Juvenile Justice and Young Offenders, a very interesting look at one of most over looked areas of our justice system in Canada. The course was an eye opener for me. I think only a fraction of the students in the class appreciate the significance of this course and what it represents to each of us, specially those who have children:angel:.
So perhaps I can incorporate into this BLOG, some of the information that I must regurgitate tomorrow.
THE CYCLE, of how society views juvenile crime over the last 200 years. Bear in mind that this is an Canadian perspective, however, it does closely resemble that of the US also.
PART 1 (__Canada History prior to 1850 /pre-confederation__)
Juvenile crime is thought to be unusually high. There are many harsh punishments and few lenient treatments. Officials often are forced to choose between harshly punishing juvenile offenders and doing nothing at all.
PART 2 (__Victorian era, 1851__)
Juvenile crime is thought to be unusually high and is blamed on the â€œ__forced choice__.â€? That is, both harshly punishing and doing nothing at all are thought to increase juvenile crime.
PART 3 (__post Victorian, 1907 Introduction of the Juvenile Delinquent Act 1908__)
A major reform introduces lenient treatments for juvenile offenders. This creates a middle ground between harshly punishing and doing nothing at all.
(__1984, introduction of the Young Offenders Act: 1984 This reverts to the 1850 philosophy__)
(__More Harsher punishment 2002__)
PART 4 (__Youth Criminal Justice Act 2003 [APRIL]__)
Juvenile crime is thought to be unusually high and is blamed on the lenient treatments, Harsh punishments gradually expand and lenient treatments gradually contract.
This is probably the most condensed version:hand: of the course thus far. Indeed, for those who never saw, seen, heard or thought about Youth Justice, this may just look like garbily-gook. For those of you in the latter, I apologies, â€œsorry about that.â€? However, if you like to comment on it, hey, please, be my guest!:pray: